Mac mac下用户及用户组命令行操作

gino · 2021-12-09 10:57:57 · 热度: 14

使用mac的时候需要像 linux 一样对用户和群组进行操作,但是linux使用的gpasswd和usermod在mac上都不可以使用,mac使用dscl来对group和user操作。

查看用户组:

dscl . list /groups

查看用户:

dscl . list /users

添加用户组:

sudo dscl . -create /Groups/test

删除用户组:

sudo dscl . -delete /Groups/test

添加用户:

sudo dscl . -create /Users/redis

删除用户:

sudo dscl . -delete /Users/redis

显示所有users对应的group:

sudo dscl . -list /groups GroupMembership

添加user到group:

sudo dscl . -append /Groups/groupname GroupMembership username

从group中删除user:

sudo dscl . -delete /Groups/groupname GroupMembership username

other:

dscl . -create /Groups/GROUP
dscl . -create /Groups/GROUP PrimaryGroupID GID
dscl . -create /Groups/GROUP Password \*
dscl . -create /Users/USER
dscl . -create /Users/USER UniqueID UID
dscl . -create /Users/USER UserShell /usr/bin/false
dscl . -create /Users/USER RealName 'DESCRIPTION'
dscl . -create /Users/USER NFSHomeDirectory DIRECTORY
dscl . -create /Users/USER PrimaryGroupID GID
dscl . -create /Users/USER Password \*

显示所有用户组的ID

dscl . -list /Groups PrimaryGroupID

读取用户组的信息:

dscl . read /groups/wheel

结果:
AppleMetaNodeLocation: /Local/Default
GeneratedUID: ABCDEFAB-CDEF-ABCD-EFAB-CDEF00000000
GroupMembers: FFFFEEEE-DDDD-CCCC-BBBB-AAAA00000000
GroupMembership: root
Password: *
PrimaryGroupID: 0
RealName:
 System Group
RecordName: wheel
RecordType: dsRecTypeStandard:Groups

读取用户组下的成员:

dscl . read /groups/wheel GroupMembership` `结果:``GroupMembership: root

读取用户信息:

dscl . read /users/root

结果:

AppleMetaNodeLocation: /Local/Default
GeneratedUID: FFFFEEEE-DDDD-CCCC-BBBB-AAAA00000000
NFSHomeDirectory: /var/root
Password: *
PrimaryGroupID: 0
RealName:
 System Administrator
RecordName:
 root
 BUILTIN\Local System
RecordType: dsRecTypeStandard:Users
SMBSID: S-1-5-18
UniqueID: 0
UserShell: /bin/sh
dscl . read /users/root NFSHomeDirectory

结果:
NFSHomeDirectory: /var/root

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