Equations system with a black rectangle in LaTeX

栏目: IT技术 · 发布时间: 2天前

来源: gus-massa.blogspot.com

本文转载自:https://gus-massa.blogspot.com/2020/06/equations-system-with-black-rectangle.html,本站转载出于传递更多信息之目的,版权归原作者或者来源机构所有。

► Versión en Español

A friend sent me a file in LaTeX that she had received. When compiling it, one of the equations had a strange black rectangle:

Equations system with a black rectangle in LaTeX

The file was about 20 pages long. After minimizing and minimizing the file, I got this simplified version:

\documentclass[12pt]{article}

\usepackage[table]{xcolor}

\begin{document}

\centering

Some initial text.

\[

  \begin{array}{c}

    \rowcolor{red}

      1 + 2 = 3 \\

    \rowcolor{green}

      1 + 2 = 3 \\

    \rowcolor{blue}

  \end{array}

\]

Some random two pages of text here \\

just to make debugging difficult.

\[

  \left\{

    \begin{array}{rrrrrrr}

       2x &+& y &+& 4z &=& 0\\

        x &+& 6y &+& 7z &=& 0\\

    \end{array}

  \right.

\]

Some final text.

\end{document}

Can you spot the error? In case you can't mentally compile LaTeX, the result is:

Equations system with a black rectangle in LaTeX

Now, is it easier to find the error?

[spoiler alert]

Well, the problem is in the previous table, it has the declaration of the color of the “last” row that does not exist. In the original version, it was a commented row, making it more difficult to spot. Moreover, between one table and the equations system there were one or two pages, making it more difficult to see that the error was actually caused by something that was much earlier than the position where it appeared.

\[

  \begin{array}{c}

    \rowcolor{red}

      1 + 2 = 3 \\

    \rowcolor{green}

      1 + 2 = 3 \\

    \rowcolor{blue}    % <---- the error is here

  \end{array}

\]

The strangest thing is that you get a black rectangle instead of a blue rectangle. I suppose some flag is set that says that there is something interesting in the next cell, but  the color is reset and that is why it is black. I've been looking at the xcolor package code, but my LaTeX-Fu is not strong enough. (It is not even clear to me if this is classified as a bug or not.) And furthermore, there is a workaround that is not to write LaTex with errors.


Bonus: The error is in the first part, so with a trivial change in the second part we can get a matrix or table with a strange black cell.

Equations system with a black rectangle in LaTeX

\begin{center}

  \begin{tabular}{|c|c| c|}

     \hline

      a  &  b  &  c  \\

     \hline

     $1$ & $2$ & $3$ \\

     \hline

  \end{tabular}

\end{center}


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