PHP PHP array_map() 函数

kevensuu · 2019-12-25 09:40:28 · 热度: 11

定义和用法

array_map() 函数将用户自定义函数作用到数组中的每个值上,并返回用户自定义函数作用后的带有新的值的数组。

提示:您可以向函数输入一个或者多个数组。

语法

array_map(myfunction,array1,array2,array3...)
参数 描述
myfunction 必需。用户自定义函数的名称,或者是 null。
array1 必需。规定数组。
array2 可选。规定数组。
array3 可选。规定数组。

技术细节

返回值: 返回包含用户自定义函数作用后的 array1 的值的数组。
PHP 版本: PHP 4 >= 4.0.6, PHP 5, PHP 7

示例

示例1:

<?php
function cube($n)
{
    return($n * $n * $n);
}

$a = array(1, 2, 3, 4, 5);
$b = array_map("cube", $a);
print_r($b);
?>

这使得 $b 成为:

Array
(
    [0] => 1
    [1] => 8
    [2] => 27
    [3] => 64
    [4] => 125
)

示例2:

<?php
$func = function($value) {
    return $value * 2;
};

print_r(array_map($func, range(1, 5)));
?>

以上例程会输出:

Array
(
    [0] => 2
    [1] => 4
    [2] => 6
    [3] => 8
    [4] => 10
)

示例3:

<?php
function show_Spanish($n, $m)
{
    return("The number $n is called $m in Spanish");
}

function map_Spanish($n, $m)
{
    return(array($n => $m));
}

$a = array(1, 2, 3, 4, 5);
$b = array("uno", "dos", "tres", "cuatro", "cinco");

$c = array_map("show_Spanish", $a, $b);
print_r($c);

$d = array_map("map_Spanish", $a , $b);
print_r($d);
?>

以上例程会输出:

// printout of $c
Array
(
    [0] => The number 1 is called uno in Spanish
    [1] => The number 2 is called dos in Spanish
    [2] => The number 3 is called tres in Spanish
    [3] => The number 4 is called cuatro in Spanish
    [4] => The number 5 is called cinco in Spanish
)

// printout of $d
Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [1] => uno
        )

    [1] => Array
        (
            [2] => dos
        )

    [2] => Array
        (
            [3] => tres
        )

    [3] => Array
        (
            [4] => cuatro
        )

    [4] => Array
        (
            [5] => cinco
        )

)

示例4:

<?php
$a = array(1, 2, 3, 4, 5);
$b = array("one", "two", "three", "four", "five");
$c = array("uno", "dos", "tres", "cuatro", "cinco");

$d = array_map(null, $a, $b, $c);
print_r($d);
?>

以上例程会输出:

Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [0] => 1
            [1] => one
            [2] => uno
        )

    [1] => Array
        (
            [0] => 2
            [1] => two
            [2] => dos
        )

    [2] => Array
        (
            [0] => 3
            [1] => three
            [2] => tres
        )

    [3] => Array
        (
            [0] => 4
            [1] => four
            [2] => cuatro
        )

    [4] => Array
        (
            [0] => 5
            [1] => five
            [2] => cinco
        )

)

示例5:

<?php
$arr = array("stringkey" => "value");
function cb1($a) {
    return array ($a);
}
function cb2($a, $b) {
    return array ($a, $b);
}
var_dump(array_map("cb1", $arr));
var_dump(array_map("cb2", $arr, $arr));
var_dump(array_map(null,  $arr));
var_dump(array_map(null, $arr, $arr));
?>

以上例程会输出:

array(1) {
  ["stringkey"]=>
  array(1) {
    [0]=>
    string(5) "value"
  }
}
array(1) {
  [0]=>
  array(2) {
    [0]=>
    string(5) "value"
    [1]=>
    string(5) "value"
  }
}
array(1) {
  ["stringkey"]=>
  string(5) "value"
}
array(1) {
  [0]=>
  array(2) {
    [0]=>
    string(5) "value"
    [1]=>
    string(5) "value"
  }
}

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