Git stash 命令

更新时间: 2019-07-13 17:17

git-stash - Stash the changes in a dirty working directory away

语法

git stash list [<options>]
git stash show [<stash>]
git stash drop [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
git stash ( pop | apply ) [--index] [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
git stash branch <branchname> [<stash>]
git stash save [-p|--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-q|--quiet]
            [-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all] [<message>]
git stash [push [-p|--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-q|--quiet]
            [-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all] [-m|--message <message>]]
            [--] [<pathspec>...]]
git stash clear
git stash create [<message>]
git stash store [-m|--message <message>] [-q|--quiet] <commit>

参数

save [-p|--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all] [-q|--quiet] [<message>], push [-p|--patch]
[-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all] [-q|--quiet] [-m|--message <message>] [--] [<pathspec>...]
    Save your local modifications to a new stash entry and roll them back to HEAD (in the working tree and in the index). The <message>
    part is optional and gives the description along with the stashed state.

    For quickly making a snapshot, you can omit "push". In this mode, non-option arguments are not allowed to prevent a misspelled
    subcommand from making an unwanted stash entry. The two exceptions to this are stash -p which acts as alias for stash push -p and
    pathspecs, which are allowed after a double hyphen -- for disambiguation.

    When pathspec is given to git stash push, the new stash entry records the modified states only for the files that match the
    pathspec. The index entries and working tree files are then rolled back to the state in HEAD only for these files, too, leaving
    files that do not match the pathspec intact.

    If the --keep-index option is used, all changes already added to the index are left intact.

    If the --include-untracked option is used, all untracked files are also stashed and then cleaned up with git clean, leaving the
    working directory in a very clean state. If the --all option is used instead then the ignored files are stashed and cleaned in
    addition to the untracked files.

    With --patch, you can interactively select hunks from the diff between HEAD and the working tree to be stashed. The stash entry is
    constructed such that its index state is the same as the index state of your repository, and its worktree contains only the changes
    you selected interactively. The selected changes are then rolled back from your worktree. See the "Interactive Mode" section of
    git-add(1) to learn how to operate the --patch mode.

    The --patch option implies --keep-index. You can use --no-keep-index to override this.

list [<options>]
    List the stash entries that you currently have. Each stash entry is listed with its name (e.g.  stash@{0} is the latest entry,
    stash@{1} is the one before, etc.), the name of the branch that was current when the entry was made, and a short description of the
    commit the entry was based on.

        stash@{0}: WIP on submit: 6ebd0e2... Update git-stash documentation
        stash@{1}: On master: 9cc0589... Add git-stash

    The command takes options applicable to the git log command to control what is shown and how. See git-log(1).

show [<stash>]
    Show the changes recorded in the stash entry as a diff between the stashed contents and the commit back when the stash entry was
    first created. When no <stash> is given, it shows the latest one. By default, the command shows the diffstat, but it will accept
    any format known to git diff (e.g., git stash show -p stash@{1} to view the second most recent entry in patch form). You can use
    stash.showStat and/or stash.showPatch config variables to change the default behavior.

pop [--index] [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
    Remove a single stashed state from the stash list and apply it on top of the current working tree state, i.e., do the inverse
    operation of git stash save. The working directory must match the index.

    Applying the state can fail with conflicts; in this case, it is not removed from the stash list. You need to resolve the conflicts
    by hand and call git stash drop manually afterwards.

    If the --index option is used, then tries to reinstate not only the working tree's changes, but also the index's ones. However,
    this can fail, when you have conflicts (which are stored in the index, where you therefore can no longer apply the changes as they
    were originally).

    When no <stash> is given, stash@{0} is assumed, otherwise <stash> must be a reference of the form stash@{<revision>}.

apply [--index] [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
    Like pop, but do not remove the state from the stash list. Unlike pop, <stash> may be any commit that looks like a commit created
    by stash save or stash create.

branch <branchname> [<stash>]
    Creates and checks out a new branch named <branchname> starting from the commit at which the <stash> was originally created,
    applies the changes recorded in <stash> to the new working tree and index. If that succeeds, and <stash> is a reference of the form
    stash@{<revision>}, it then drops the <stash>. When no <stash> is given, applies the latest one.

    This is useful if the branch on which you ran git stash save has changed enough that git stash apply fails due to conflicts. Since
    the stash entry is applied on top of the commit that was HEAD at the time git stash was run, it restores the originally stashed
    state with no conflicts.

clear
    Remove all the stash entries. Note that those entries will then be subject to pruning, and may be impossible to recover (see
    Examples below for a possible strategy).

drop [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
    Remove a single stash entry from the list of stash entries. When no <stash> is given, it removes the latest one. i.e.  stash@{0},
    otherwise <stash> must be a valid stash log reference of the form stash@{<revision>}.

create
    Create a stash entry (which is a regular commit object) and return its object name, without storing it anywhere in the ref
    namespace. This is intended to be useful for scripts. It is probably not the command you want to use; see "save" above.

store
    Store a given stash created via git stash create (which is a dangling merge commit) in the stash ref, updating the stash reflog.
    This is intended to be useful for scripts. It is probably not the command you want to use; see "save" above.

使用示例

# 暂时将未提交的变化移除,稍后再移入
$ git stash
$ git stash pop

查看更多 git stash 命令的使用方法,可以使用命令:

git help stash
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